Thailand’s economy grew at its weakest pace in five years in 2019 as exports and public investments slowed, adding pressure on the central bank to cut rates to shield South-East Asia’s second-largest economy from the coronavirus epidemic.
Bangkok: Thai economic growth slips to 5-year low
BANGKOK: Thailand’s economy grew at its weakest pace in five years in 2019 as exports and public investments slowed, adding pressure on the central bank to cut rates to shield South-East Asia’s second-largest economy from the coronavirus epidemic.
The trade-dependent economy has been buffeted by the Sino-US trade war, soft domestic demand and a delayed fiscal budget and drought, but tourism stood out as a bright spot.
Many analysts now expect the Bank of Thailand to further slash rates at record lows to bolster growth this year.
Gross domestic product expanded 1.6% in the October-December quarter from a year earlier, versus 2.1% forecast in a Reuters poll and the third quarter’s upwardly revised 2.6% growth.
In 2019, the economy grew 2.4%, the slowest rate since 2014. It was in line with analysts’ forecast, but was sharply down from upwardly revised 4.2% growth the previous year.
“The Q4 data was disappointing as the trade war weighed on exports and investments whilst the lagged effect of the government formation and budget bill approval sapped fiscal expansion, ” said Kobsidthi Silpachai, head of capital markets research at Kasikornbank.
On a quarterly basis, the economy grew 0.2% in the October-December quarter, the National Economic and Social Development Council (NESDC) said, in line with upwardly revised 0.2% growth in July-September.
Thai stocks and the baht were unchanged after the data, with traders saying the outcome was factored in.
The state planning agency on Monday cut its forecasts for 2020 economic growth to 1.5-2.5% from 2.7%-3.7%.
It also lowered its outlook for exports, the main growth driver, to a 1.4% rise from a 2.3% increase projected in November.
First-quarter GDP may contract from the previous three months before recovering in the second quarter as tourism should recover, Wichayayuth Boonchit, the NESDC’s deputy secretary general, told a news conference.
“Q1 may contract but Q2 will improve, so it won’t be a technical recession, ” he added.
The Bank of Thailand said the economy might expand less than 2% this year.
Earlier this month, the central bank cut its policy rate to a record low of 1%, and its governor Veerathai Santiprabhob said that there was room to help growth if needed.
Thailand’s growth has lagged regional peers for years with private consumption constrained by high household debt.
In October-December, exports dropped 4.9% year-on-year and public investment fell 5.1% while tourism growth slowed to 6.4%.
This year, the NESDC expects foreign tourist numbers to fall to 37 million from last year’s record 39.8 million, due to the virus outbreak.
The Tourism Authority of Thailand expects foreign visitors to fall by 5 million this year and the loss in revenue could be as much as 500 billion baht — Reuters
The Star newspaper, Tuesday, 18 February 2020